Claude Monet



Monet's Timeline

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Written by Peter Imialek


1840 (birth) - Claude Monet is born in Paris on November 14 to Claude-Adolphe and Louise-Justine Aubrée Monet.

1845 (age 5) - Monet's family moves to Le Havre in Normandy.

1851 (age 11) - Monet enters the Le Havre secondary school of arts.

1857 (age 17) - Monet's mother dies on January 28th. He leaves school and goes to live with his widowed, childless aunt Marie-Jeanne Lecadre.

1861 (age 21) - Monet joins the First Regiment of African Light Cavalry in Algeria but contracts typhoid fever shortly afterwards and returns to Paris the next year.

1862 (age 22) - Back in Paris Monet becomes a student of Charles Gleyre. There he meets Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Frédéric Bazille, and Alfred Sisley. Their collaborative efforts will give birth to Impressionism.

1866 (age 26) - Monet's Camille or The Woman in the Green Dress (La Femme à la Robe Verte), brings him recognition. The model, Camille Doncieux, will become Monet's wife.

1868 (age 28) - Camille gives birth to Monet's illegitimate son, Jean. Monet finds himself and his family in dire financial straits and attempts suicide by jumping into the Seine.

1870 (age 30) - Monet and Camille Doncieux marry in June. After the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War in July, Monet takes refuge in England in September. While there, he studies the works of John Constable and J.M. William Turner.

1871 (age 31) - The Royal Academy refuses to exhibit Monet's works. He leaves London in May to live in Zaandam. In the autumn he returns to France and settles in Argenteuil.

1872 (age 32) - Monet paints Impression, Sunrise (Impression: soleil levant). From the painting's title, art critic Louis Leroy coins the satirical term "Impressionism".

1876 (age 36) - Camille becomes ill.

1878 (age 38) - Camille gives birth to their second second, Michel. The second pregnancy significantly weakens Camille's already fading health. The family moves to the village of Vétheuil.

1879 (age 39) - Camille dies of tuberculosis on September 5th. After his wife's death, a grief-stricken Monet vows to never suffer the hardships of poverty again and begins in earnest to paint some of his greatest works.

1883 (age 43) - Monet, his family and his mistress Alice Hoschedé move to Giverny.

1890 (age 50) - By this time, Monet is doing well financially and buys the house he and his family are occupying, along with the surrounding buildings and the land for his legendary gardens.

1892 (age 52) - After the death of her estranged husband, Alice Hoschedé marries Monet.

1908 (age 68) - Monet ends his travels to England and the Mediterranean which began in 1883.

1911 (age 71) - Alice Hoschedé dies and her daughter Blanche begins to look after and take care of Monet.

1914 to 1918 (ages 74 to 78) - Monet's oldest son, Jean, dies in 1914. During World War I, Monet paints a series of Weeping Willow trees in homage of fallen French soldiers.

1926 (age 86) - On December 5th, Monet dies in Giverny of lung cancer. He is buried in the Giverny curch cemetery.

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